Ancient Greece

Unit Highlights

In this unit, students will analyze primary and secondary sources to explain the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the early civilizations of Ancient Greece. Students will be able to:

  • Describe Greek Geography and explain its effect on Greek city-states and trade.

  • Sequence the process that lead to democracy and citizenship

  • Compare and contrast direct and representational democracy.

  • Explain Greek Myths and their importance to the Greeks and the modern-day.

  • Explain the rise of the Persian Empire and its political order.

  • Compare and contrast life in Athens and Sparta

  • Explain the roles of Athens and Sparta in the Persian Wars.

  • Explain the roles of Athens and Sparta in the Peloponnesian Wars.

  • Evaluate the achievements of Alexander the Great and the spread of Hellenistic Culture.

  • Classify the contributions of key Greek figures.

  • Describe Greek art and explain its importance.


Unit Vocabulary

  • Aesop's Fables

  • Alexander the Great

  • Athens

  • Citizenship

  • Delian League

  • Democracy

  • Direct Democracy

  • Homer

  • The Illiad

  • Mythology

  • The Odyssey

  • Oligarchy

  • Peloponnesian League

  • Peloponnesian Wars

  • Persia

  • Persian Wars

  • Philosophers

  • Representative Democracy

  • Sparta

  • Tyranny

Activity 1: Ancient Greece


Using your prior knowledge, brainstorm, list, and/or draw what you know about Ancient Greece in a thinking map. Complete this assignment on the Thinking Maps Learning Community or on paper. You may include:

  • Information you know or kind of know about Ancient Greece.

  • Guesses about Ancient Greece.

  • Questions you have about Ancient Greece.

  • Information you would like to know about Ancient Greece.

  • What comes to mind when you think of Ancient Greece.