The Common Market

Essential Question

What are the advantages of the common market and how did the Constitution protect the Common Market?

The Problem

Today, we take some things for granted. We can travel from one state to another, any store in any state will accept our money, and a pound of sugar in California weighs the same as one in Colorado.

Under the Articles of Confederation, merchants had a difficult time selling their goods across state lines. Each state had its own type of currency, taxes, and even laws about selling goods. Often state laws conflicted, making it nearly impossible to do business with someone in another state. These issues caused many problems like inflation where states' money became useless. When the Constitution was formed the founding fathers gave the federal government the power to regulate trade between the states. Improving this trading between the states was necessary to keep America's economy alive. The constitution formed a common market between the states. This means the states imposing few or no taxes on trade between one another and they imposed a common tax on trade with other countries.

The Solution

Article 1, Section 8, Clause 3

“The Congress shall have Power to regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes.”

Article 1, Section 8, Clause 5

“The Congress shall have the power to coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures.”

Article 4, Section 1

“Full faith and credit shall be given in each state to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state. And the Congress may by general laws prescribe the manner in which such acts, records, and proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof.”

Discussion Questions

  • What are the advantages of Article 1, Section 8, Clause 3?

  • What are the advantages of Article 1, Section 8, Clause 5?

  • What are the advantages of Article 4, Section 2?

Activity 1: Define the vocabulary words, read the primary source excerpt "Gibbons v. Ogden," and answer the text dependent questions.

Primary Source-Gibbons v. Ogden

Activity 2: What are the causes and advantages/effects of the common market?

Using the information from this lesson, answer the questions in a thinking map. Complete this assignment digitally or on paper. It will be collected in your portfolio.

Extension Activity

NEWSELA: Opinion: Economic rights under the U.S. Constitution