The Roman Empire

Essential Questions

Where were the borders at the height of the Roman empire?

The Rise of The Roman Empire

Rome was originally ruled by kings but in 509 BC, Rome overthrew their kings and developed a republic. A republic is a state in which the power comes from the people/citizens and the people elect representatives to rule for them. The Roman Republic ruled most of Italy, but after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC most of the Mediterranean was in chaos and Rome used this opportunity to expand its borders. By 100 BC Rome conquered Asia Minor, Greece, Spain, and other parts of Europe.

The Borders of the Roman Empire

Rome reached its heights in 117 AD

Activity 1: Map Analysis of The Roman Empire-Part 1

Analyze the two maps below and use them answer the following questions

Map Analysis of the Roman Empire Part 1

Activity 3: Map Analysis of The Roman Empire Part II

Watch the following video that shows the borders of the Rome from its rise to its fall. (Just from 2:39 to 5:15). Then answer the following questions:

Map Analysis of the Roman Empire-Part 2

Discussion Questions

  • Generally, how big was the Roman Empire at its height is 117 AD? Describe its size and borders.

  • How was Rome's size an advantage and disadvantage?

Activity 4: What are the features of the Roman Empire at its height?

Using the information from this lesson, answer the questions in a thinking map. Complete this assignment digitally or on paper. It will be collected in your portfolio.

Extension Activities

Map of Roman Empire GIF

NEWSELA: Ancient Rome builds a republic; then Augustus makes it an empire

NEWSELA: Ancient Rome Part One: Early Kingdom and Republic

NEWSELA: Ancient Rome Part Two: The Roman Empire